The Cheongsam, formed in the early 20th century, became the most common women's clothing after the 1920s, and was identified as one of the national dresses by the government of the Republic of China in 1929. After the 1950s, cheongsam was gradually neglected, especially during the Cultural Revolution.
After the 1980s, with the re-emphasis of traditional culture, as well as the influence of film and television culture, fashion shows, beauty pageants, etc., cheongsam has not only gradually recovered in China , but it has also spread all over the world.
In 1984, the cheongsam was designated by the State Council as the dress for diplomats.
Since the Beijing Asian Games in 1990, cheongsam has been chosen as ceremonial clothing for the Olympic Games, Asian Games and international conferences and exhibitions held in China.
On May 23, 2011, cheongsam handicrafts made by hand became one of the third lots of the national intangible cultural heritage approved by the State Council.
In November 2014, at the 22nd Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting held in Beijing, the Chinese government chose cheongsam as its clothing for the wives of the leaders of the participating countries.